Children

Treatment for Children

Overview

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Cogenital

Cataracts are cloudy areas in the lens of the eye which typically develops in people over 60 years old.

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Lazy

Cataracts are cloudy areas in the lens of the eye which typically develops in people over 60 years old.

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Myopia

Cataracts are cloudy areas in the lens of the eye which typically develops in people over 60 years old.

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Neuro

Cataracts are cloudy areas in the lens of the eye which typically develops in people over 60 years old.

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Retinopathy

Cataracts are cloudy areas in the lens of the eye which typically develops in people over 60 years old.

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Squint

Cataracts are cloudy areas in the lens of the eye which typically develops in people over 60 years old.

Know more here

Vision

Cataracts are cloudy areas in the lens of the eye which typically develops in people over 60 years old.

Know more here

Cataracts are cloudy areas in the lens of the eye which typically develops in people over 60 years old.

Know more here

Congenital Cataract

Cataracts are cloudy areas in the lens of the eye which typically develops in people over 60 years old.

Know more here

Congenital Ptosis

Cataracts are cloudy areas in the lens of the eye which typically develops in people over 60 years old.

Know more here

Congenital Glaucoma

illustration of a healthy eye, glaucoma, cataract

Congenital glaucoma occurs in babies and young children. This condition is typically diagnosed within the first year of life. There are several possible causes to congenital glaucoma such as incorrect development of the eye’s drainage system before birth and leads to high intraocular pressure, which in turn damage the optic nerve. On top of that, this condition can also be inherited.

What are the symptoms?

  • check-mark-1Cloudiness of cornea
  • check-mark-1Enlarged eyes
  • check-mark-1Sensitive to lights
  • check-mark-1Tears up a lot

How is it treated?

The treatment options for congenital glaucoma include topical eye drops, oral medications or surgery depending on the underlying cause.

Congenital Cataract

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Congenital cataract is described as the clouding of lens present at birth. The pupil of the infant will appear grey or white instead of black. This condition is usually diagnosed during a newborn examination by a paediatrician. If your child presents this symptom, you will be referred to a paediatric ophthalmologist.

How is it treated?

Congenital cataract is treated by removing the cataract.

Congenital Ptosis

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Congenital ptosis refers to drooping eyelids that occur at birth or within the first year of life. This congenital condition is related to complications with the muscle that raise the eyelid, trauma at birth, eyelid tumour or growth. If congenital ptosis is not corrected especially if diagnosed as a moderate or severe condition, amblyopia (lazy eye) may develop.

How is it treated?

The treatment for congenital ptosis is usually surgery.

Lazy Eye (Amblyopia) Treatment

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Amblyopia is commonly known as lazy eye. This eye condition is described as reduced vision that is not correctable by glasses or contact lenses and is not linked to any other eye disease. Lazy eye is mainly due challenges faced by coordination between the eye and the brain.

How is it treated?

A specially tailored pair of glasses is prescribed when amblyopia is caused by refractive error. In some condition, patching therapy will be prescribed in which the child needs to wear an eye patch over the “good” eye for a few hours a day so that the lazy eye becomes more active. The duration of patching depends on the severity of the eye condition.

Myopia control

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The prevalence of myopia and high myopia are increasing globally at an alarming rate. This phenomenon is worrying as being myopic increases the risks of sight-threatening disease such as retinal detachment and myopic macular degeneration.

How is it treated?

Currently, the most effective therapy for myopia control is a low dose of atropine (a type of eye drop), and is available in Sunway Eye Centre.

Neuro-Ophthalmology

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Our neuro-ophthalmologist offers services on visual rehabilitation and cerebral visual impairment. Neuro-ophthalmology focuses on visual problems that are related to the nervous system, i.e. visual problems that are not caused by the eye. Our neuro ophthalmologist works closely with a team of neurologists, neuroradiologists, neurosurgeons and paediatric neurologists to deal with a myriad of ophthalmology cases.

Our neuro ophthalmologist also deals with visual rehabilitation to take care of patients with stroke and traumatic brain injury. Patients with these conditions most times are unable to see either on their right or left side. This rehabilitation technique enables patients to improve their quality of life tremendously.

Neuro-ophthalmology services are recommended to patients with conditions such as:

  • check-mark-1Optic Neuritis (of any demyelinating or infective causes)
  • check-mark-1Optic Neuropathies (due to drug toxicity, congenital causes, Leber’s Hereditary Optic Neuropathy, compressive)
  • check-mark-1Unexplained vision loss (Congenital retinal dystrophies and optic neuropathies)
  • check-mark-1Traumatic brain injury visual rehabilitation
  • check-mark-1Cerebral visual impairment secondary to Cerebral Palsy and global developmental delay (paediatric)

How is it treated?

For children who have cerebral palsy or other forms of global developmental delays, this service will be helpful in controlling and even improving their visual symptoms. Sunway Eye Centre has a dedicated team of neuro-optometrist and neuro-ophthalmologist who will counsel both parents and child on the suitable treatment and therapy for the child. A well-developed questionnaire and treatment therapy is utilised for the management of these children with the help of their parents. This technique also plays a role in building a stronger and closer relationship between the child and their parents.

Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)

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ROP is an eye disease that can happen in premature babies in which there is abnormal growth of vessels in the retina and that can lead to blindness. ROP has no signs and symptoms when it first develops in a newborn. Therefore, it is essential to have your newborn’s eyes examined by an ophthalmologist.

How is it treated?

The most effective treatment for ROP is laser surgery. This treatment “burns away” the periphery of the retina, which has no normal blood vessels.

Squint Eye (Strabismus) Surgery

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A squint is described as misaligned eyes. This means that when one eye looks forward to focus on an object, the other eye turns either inwards, outwards, upwards or downwards. Squint usually begins in infancy or childhood.

How is it treated?

The type of treatment depends on the severity of the condition as well, with treatment options ranging from prism glasses to surgical correction.

Vision Therapy

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Vision Therapy or sometimes known as Vision Training, is a supervised, non-surgical treatment tailored to correct or improve certain vision problems. Unlike eye glasses, which is worn to aid vision problems, Vision Therapy teaches the eye to correct itself with the use of a series of tools and visual activities.

Our eye specialists may recommend Vision Therapy to treat the following eye conditions:

  • check-mark-1Amblyopia or also known as ‘Lazy Eye’
  • check-mark-1Squint
  • check-mark-1Eye movement disorders
  • check-mark-1Double vision

How is it treated?

Our in-house orthoptist can help to diagnose, monitor and manage eye conditions specifically related to eye movements among infants, children and adults, which can be treated without surgical intervention. Speak to our eye specialists to find out if vision therapy could be a suitable option to help your child correct his or her vision.